Silver Birch Tree History and Truths

Silver birch, likewise called (Betula pendula), is a thin deciduous and is tree belonging to huge locations of Britain and Europe. It is a biggish tree and can grow up to 30m high however usually has a thin trunk compared to other trees, though this is not constantly the case. The tree is popular for use in gardens and they typically hybridise with other birch trees such as the downy birch (Betula pubescens).

Identifying a Birch Tree

A fully grown tree typically has an open and airy canopy with huge branches that droop downwards. The bark is white to grey in colour and sheds thin layers of skin-like bark; this is darker grey below and has a rough base. Once grown, the bark becomes less smooth and it establishes diamond shaped ratings. The twigs have small warts on them and are smooth to touch. Leaves are light green and oval in shape with serrated edges; these rely on yellow in fall prior to falling.

Silver birch trees are monoecious which means that male and female flowers (catkins) are consisted of within the exact same tree during April and May. The long male catkins are brown to yellow in colour and appear in lots of two to four straight at the tip of new shoots.

Interesting fact: because the roots of the silver birch grow far below the ground, they can get to otherwise inaccessible nutrients deep below the soil, which can help to recondition surface layers of soil through the shedding of its leaves. Find more info on .

Significance to Wildlife

Since the birch has an open canopy (either downy or silver birch) it enables lots of things to grow below it such as mosses, turfs, bluebells, violets, wood sorrel and wood polyp.

The tree supplies food and shelter for more than 250 types of bug so it naturally supports aphids in addition to various predators such as lady birds and higher up the food cycle. Caterpillars from many moths eat the foliage including the pebble hook-tip, angle-shades, Kentish magnificence and the buff suggestion. Lots of various fungis likewise grows on the tree base and below the woodland floor consisting of birch brittlegill, fly agaric, birch milk cap, birch knight woolley milk cap and chanterelle.

Hole-nesting birds such as woodpeckers in practice the tree trunks and the seeds are consumed by greenfinches, siskins and redpolls birds.

Misconceptions and Legends

In ancient times, Celtic people made use of to believe the tree was connected with regrowth and filtration. They made use of to use the branches to fend off spirits of the old year; garden enthusiasts still use them today to purify their gardens.

How We Use Birch

Because birch wood is strong and long lasting it is well suited for making furniture and handles. It was used in the cotton market for centuries making spools, reels and bobbins in Lancashire. The bark was likewise used for leather tanning.

Today there is little commercial usage because the tree does not grow that large size in England compared to other parts of Europe.

Risks, Pests and Diseases

Nursed or planted trees appear to suffer the worst and can be vulnerable to birch dieback triggered by fungal illness such as Anisogramma virgultorum and Marssonina betulae. Trees grow from seed (naturally grown) appear to have more resistance to these type of diseases.


6 Tips for Growing Home Tomato Plants

Tomato plants are among the easiest and most popular home-grown veggies. A well planted crop of tomato plants can produce a routine supply of tomatoes throughout the summer season and early autumn. Although these plants need basic care, it is vital to get the growing space right to prevent issues with bad development and specific conditions. Here are numerous tips to grow the growing crop of tomato plants:

1) Use a different planting location for the tomatoes at the start of each season. Pests and conditions that prefer the tomato plants can stay in the soil throughout the winter season. So, by altering the part of the garden made use of, the tomatoes can take advantage of fresh and nutrient-rich soil. Also, the tomatoes grown in containers should have the soil completely replaced at the time of each planting.

2) The planting environment for the container plants is totally determined by you. Soil fertilizer or nutrients have to be consisted of to encourage excellent growth. For long periods of dry weather condition, the watering routines have to enhance to match the amount of money of bright sunlight received.

3) A much healthier tomato plant is achieved when properly grown. As soon as a tomato plant is fully developed, a feed like a water-soluble fertilizer can assist to increase the development rate.

4) Staking need to be done to encourage healthy growth of the plant life. Stakes are required for both garden and container plants. The stakes can vary, from the easy-maintenance tomato cages to attractive bamboo stakes.

5) Avoid overcrowding the seedlings. If growing the tomatoes from scratch, make sure to grow the seeds a good distance apart to offer adequate space to branch off. Staked plants require 1.5 to 3 feet between each seed, while the ground growing species need 3 to 4 ft. An excessively crowded area is certain to inhibit the development potential of the tomatoes.

A basic method to provide these plants an excellent start is to pre-heat the soil in the garden. Lay a black plastic sheet over the designated growing location to warm up the earth by a few extra degrees.